Win AK, Dowty JG, Cleary SP, Kim H, Buchanan DD, Young JP, Clendenning M, Rosty C, MacInnis RJ, Giles GG, Boussioutas A, Macrae FA, Parry S, Goldblatt J, Baron JA, Burnett T, Le Marchand L, Newcomb PA, Haile RW, Hopper JL, Cotterchio M, Gallinger S, Lindor NM, Tucker KM, Winship IM, Jenkins MA (2014) Risk of colorectal cancer for carriers of mutations in MUTYH, with and without a family history of cancer. Gastroenterology 146:1208-1211 e1201-1205
We studied 2332 individuals with monoallelic mutations in MUTYH among 9504 relatives of 264 colorectal cancer (CRC) cases with a MUTYH mutation. We estimated CRC risks through 70 years of age of 7.2% for male carriers of monoallelic mutations (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6%-11.3%) and 5.6% for female carriers of monoallelic mutations (95% CI, 3.6%-8.8%), irrespective of family history. For monoallelic MUTYH mutation carriers with a first-degree relative with CRC diagnosed by 50 years of age who does not have the MUTYH mutation, risks of CRC were 12.5% for men (95% CI, 8.6%-17.7%) and 10% for women (95% CI, 6.7%-14.4%). Risks of CRC for carriers of monoallelic mutations in MUTYH with a first-degree relative with CRC are sufficiently high to warrant more intensive screening than for the general population.