Poynter JN, Figueiredo JC, Conti DV, Kennedy K, Gallinger S, Siegmund KD, Casey G, Thibodeau SN, Jenkins MA, Hopper JL, Byrnes GB, Baron JA, Goode EL, Tiirikainen M, Lindor N, Grove J, Newcomb P, Jass J, Young J, Potter JD, Haile RW, Duggan DJ, Le Marchand L (2007) Variants on 9p24 and 8q24 are associated with risk of colorectal cancer: results from the Colon Cancer Family Registry. Cancer research 67:11128-11132
Recent publications have reported that common variants on 8q24 are associated with both prostate and colorectal cancers (CRC). In addition, one of these studies (the ARCTIC study) initially observed an association with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on 9p24 that was not confirmed in some of their validation data sets. In the research described here, we conducted a case-unaffected sibling analysis using population- and clinic-based discordant sibships (N = 1,567 sibships) from the Colon Cancer Family Registry (Colon CFR) to investigate the associations between common variants at 9p24 and 8q24 and risk of CRC. We also evaluated whether these associations differed by age, family history, and tumor characteristics, including microsatellite instability and tumor site. Associations were estimated using conditional logistic regression, treating sibship as the matching factor. Analyses were adjusted for age and sex, and stratified by ascertainment source (population versus clinic). We observed an association between a SNP on 9p24 (rs719725) and risk of CRC in the population-based series (AA versus CC: odds ratios, 1.46; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-2.02; AC versus CC: odds ratios, 1.50; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-1.98; P = 0.011 on 2 df). In the population-based series, we also detected statistically significant associations between two SNPs on 8q24, rs10505477 and rs6983267, and risk of CRC (P = 0.005 and P = 0.002, respectively). There was no evidence of statistically significant heterogeneity by age at diagnosis, family history of CRC, microsatellite instability, or tumor site at either locus and no evidence of interaction between SNPs on 8q24 and 9p24. These data suggest that common variants may play important roles in the risk of CRC.